ANNIE organise an Aquaponics Training Course

From 7th till the 13th of May ANNIE organised an Aquaponics Training Course at CIFEA Molina de Segura, one of the partners.

LandingAquaculture provided the training. 4 Trainers

ANNIE – Aquaponics New Novelties In Education

KA2 – project 2016-1-NL01-KA202-023006

Aquaponics is a circular system where aquaculture (fish farming) and hydroponics (plant breeding in water) come together.

The cycle starts with the feeding  of the fish to produce ammonia rich waste, which accumulates in the water. The effluent-rich water is essential for plant growth. So the waste water is pumped to the grow beds. The bacteria that is cultured in the grow beds helps to break down impurities and as a result, nitrogen remains, which is an essential nutrient for plants. The plant roots filters the water which now contains nutrients for the fishes, and is pumped back down to the fishes.

Aquaponics is sustainable. Because the food is grown locally and not from far flown. And without the use of pesticides and antibiotics, so it is even healthier and fresher. Aquaponics also supplies ten times more food per square meter, with a minimum of water consumption. This makes it ideal for urban areas and dry, nutrient-poor countries. Aquaponics can thus contribute to futurefood problems, the reduction of CO² emissions and 9/10 may reduce the use of precious drinking water for irrigation.

ANNIE is a transnational Network Project in KA2

Partners are:

From Spain:

  • CIFEA Molina de Segura
  • CIFEA Torre Pacheco
  • Servicio de Formación y Transferencia Technológica –Regional authority

From Romania:

  • Liceul Tehnolologic Agroindustrial ¨Tamási Áron¨
  • Colegiul Agricol ¨Dimitrie Petrescu¨

From Slovenia:

  • Grm Novo mesto – center biotehnike in turizma

From United Kingdom:

  • Askham Bryan College

From Portugal:

  • Escola Profissional de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural de Marco de Canaveses

From Netherlands:

  • Wellantcollege
  • InHolland – Applied Sciences Agriculture


  • Youmanitas – Energy Farms Foundation
  • OECON Group – Consulting Firm

(ANNIE) Aquaponics New Novelties In Education for feeding tomorrow’s cities is a project in which all participating countries will begin sharing good practices and creating a network of educational institutions, rural and urban companies/farmers, regional governments and local authorities. The global urbanisation trend means new challenges for food production and processing, and the needs of citizens. Safe food and water, food quality and the origin of these products are of major importance.

The ANNIE network has as underlying goal: establishing aquaponics training centres in which diverse target groups will be trained at any European Qualification Framework (EQF) level. The target groups focused on are youth, unemployed youngsters (up to 27), disabled people disadvantaged in the labour market, lifelong learners (EQF 2), immigrants and career changers.

Working in aquaponics requires both high-tech skills and hands-on labour. The partners in this project are from different European areas and have various reasons for participating: Spain, Greece and Portugal because of the lack of fresh water; Romania, Portugal and Slovenia to develop their rural areas; and the UK and the Netherlands as knowledge-based economies with too much (dirty) water, which should be re-used more sustainably.

Education plays an important role in these new developments, teaching the workers of the future and making them aware of the future food problems. The main goal of this project is to create and expand a network of educational institutions and farmers interested in aquaponics production and local governments aware of the ecologic and economic advantages of aquaponics. There are also links to water technology and innovative, sustainable breeding techniques requiring new curricula. The ANNIE project intends to expand the network in which education, farmers (business) and governments work together to raise awareness of what to do about the enormous changes as a result of the water scarcity, technical revolutions and consumer requirements leading up to 2050.

International knowledge centres must be created by educational institutions; this project will investigate opportunities for aquaponics training centres where students of all ages acquire knowledge, skills and competences to set up an aquaponics business themselves to become providers of local, fresh and healthy food. Enterprise will be encouraged. Aquaponics allows people to start their own business with small investments. It is the food production technique for the future according to scholars, engendering all sorts of activities. Aquaponics creates jobs at all EQF levels and across sectors.

The food sector which aquaponics forms part of faces a tremendous challenge in feeding the world in the next 40 years, as more than 50% of the world population lives in urban areas. Aquaponics can cover part of the food supply on a small scale, close to consumers. Fresh food, fish and vegetables are available everywhere where an aquaponics system is working. For this new way of thinking about food production in an effective, but sustainable way, green education needs new curricula, which requires the market (business and local governments) becoming involved in changing the curricula. These network partners are very much aware of what needs to change to feed the next generation as well as is being done today. The ANNIE network can help to create an optional part of the green curricula or new courses for life-long learning programmes.

ANNIE outcomes will include:

  • all partners testing the dimensional cross-sector cooperation between triple helix partners in their own region;
  • all three sections of the triple helix being represented in every national network and all of them have contributed at least one good practice;
  • six good practices from the educational partner institutions implemented/used abroad;
  • six good practices of business partners monitored in the project;
  • two good practices of governmental partners (Rijnmond/Rotterdam and Murcia);
  • eight new relationships from the triple helix in the network;
  • four guest lecturers invited;
  • five field visits organised;
  • 30 student exchanges and work placements organised by the educational partners.

Table of contents for aquaponics workshops

Workshop structure: 

  • Mornings (08:30 –13:45): lectures covering the content of the aquaponics workshop
  • Afternoons (15:00-18:00): construction and assembly of two model aquaponic systems. The construction will include pipework preparation and assembly, connecting fish tanks, water filters and plant growing systems together and running the systems with water
  • Trainers are available every afternoon for questions and individual help

Workshop schedule: 

Day 1 (theory and system assembly)

  • Welcome
  • Official opening by Murcia authorities
  • Start workshops
  1. Introduction to AquaponicsState of the world fisheries and aquaculture
    1. History of aquaponic systems
    2. Aquaponic system principles
  2. Fish biology fundamentals
    1. Interactions with the aqueous medium
    2. Water quality requirements by fish
    3. Nutrition fundamentals
    4. Basic behaviour
    5. Main species
  1. Plant biology fundamentals
    1. Interactions with the aqueous medium
    2. Main species
    3. Environmental and nutritional requirements

Day 2 (theory and system assembly)

  1. Aquaponic/Hydroponic design fundamentals
    1. Design theory (fish tanks, plant growing systems and water filtration)
    2. Nutrient management
    3. Greenhouse engineering and climate control basics
    4. Introduction to construction materials

Day 3 – Field Trips (San Pedro – IMIDA research centre and boot trip to fish farms on the Mediterranean)

Day 4 (theory and system assembly)

  1. Understanding water transport systems, fluid mechanics and hydraulics
    1. How water moves through pipes and channels
    2. How water levels work in an aquaponic system
    3. Introduction to pumps and pumping systems
    4. Design guidelines for water transport
  1. Plant health and management
    1. Introduction to integrated pest management
    2. Pest and disease control
    3. Pest prevention strategies
    4. Pest monitoring methods

Visit Tilamur – European Project Aquaponics INAPRO at Lorqui

Day 5 (theory and system finishing)

  1. Fish health management
    1. Introduction to fish diseases in aquaculture
    2. Introduction to anamnesis and decision making when disease is present
    3. Biosecurity and disease control
    4. Common mistakes and pitfalls
  1. Aquaponic design Do’s and Don’ts
    1. Sound design guidelines
    2. Common mistakes
    3. Lessons learned from the industry
  1. Aquaponics business Do’s and Don’t
    1. Knowing your markets
    2. Analysing the capacity to fit in the market
    3. Alternative revenue sources
    4. Common mistakes and pitfalls

Commissioning of the two aquaponics models

Official closing of the training & showing the results

Issuing the certificates.

The training has been provided by LandingAquaculture NL.

Rob van der Ven, director and three trainers:

Carlos Espinal Venezuela

Gaspar Jersin Slovenia

Kevin Hartman Slovenia



Registration for the 2nd AGROLYMPICS is now open !!

The organiser is EUROPEA-Germany and the competition will be held in Burgstädt (Saxony) from 28 September to 1 October 2017. Go to TeamEngine for details or contact us.

Deadline: 31 May 2017 !!

See you in Germany !!

Acknowledgements: many thanks to Gerd 🙂

Changing the World


Naxxar, 25-28 April 2017

This spring EUROPEA delegates gathered in Malta for yet another quality seminar and a very special General Assembly.

Our Maltese hosts put together a great programme to assure a fine overview of the most topical issues concerning the challenges of the Green Sector and the agricultural VET in this tiny island country. The most pressing questions nowadays are land division, waste management and most critically the lack of fresh water, which is ever so needed for agricultural production.

However, a lot is going on right now in Malta and the promise of a bright future is definitely in the air. Just look around and you will see a lot of EU projects in progress, a lot of fine construction work going on everywhere on the island.

Furthermore, our teacher colleagues from MCAST (the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology), which is the leading vocational education and training institution in the country, organised great workshops for us to show the essence of their work and some of the innovative approaches their training include.

We had useful discussions about the importance of practical training and we learnt more about some ongoing projects as well as one particular method called “embedding”, which is successfully exploited by an enthusiastic team of MCAST teachers. The method combines general and professional subjects, and it reveals impressive improvements in the performance of students.

Leaving the conference room, we were introduced to local products and got the chance to experience the wonderful “Senses of Malta”. We were taken out to a pleasant field trip and met a strawberry farmer in order to get first-hand information about the beautiful Maltese countryside and its people.

Nevertheless, the most awaited part of the Malta meeting was the General Assembly as EUROPEA was in for the regular elections and the inauguration of a new Executive Committee.

For the past six years, our association was in the safe hands of Henrik Dethlefsen (DK, Secretary General), Elisabeth Hönigsberger (AT, Vice Secretary), Sophie Blainville-Wellburn (FR, Treasurer) and Wiesława Gąsiorowska (PL, Vice Treasurer). Due to their professional management and hard work EUROPEA has been in full swing ever since they stepped forward; financial status was stabilised, new members were accepted, the funding of professional competitions was made easy and transparent. An Editorial Group was set up and a constant presence in the electronic media was established. However, the modernisation of the EUROPEA Statutes might be their greatest achievement, which made it possible for Malta, Norway, Luxembourg, Serbia, Switzerland and Ireland to finally become full members.

It was time to say goodbye and our big “Thank you!”-s, and welcome the newly elected board including: Elisabeth Hönigsberger (AT, Secretary General), Tone Mosebø (NO, Vice Secretary), Nicolas Negretti (LU, Treasurer) and Rita Alves (PT, Vice Treasurer).

The Malta-meeting ended with an excellent farewell dinner introducing 200-year-old food recipes to the EUROPEAns. These two days brought us many emotional moments; the handing over of the EUROPEA flag to our next host is always one of them. The confirmation of the above mentioned countries as full members was yet another one, and we all felt very special as “the changing of the guards” took place in front of our eyes. Nevertheless, the welcoming speech of our host, Malcolm Borg, will surely stay in our heads and hearts for a long – long time:

“‘Margaret Mead, an American anthropologist, once said:Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.’ EUROPEA’s wide network made out of you, my colleagues and friends, who are all committed to improve the green vocational education in your countries is offering you this opportunity once again – the General Assembly in Malta. Let’s all share in this spirit of brotherhood. Let’s all rise to the occasion to feed into the European green sector skilled people, fresh ideas and innovative solutions.

Thank you, Malta. See you all again in Estonia.


Pics: Judit (HU) and Pedro (ES) – Many thanks!

MALTA, 2017 !!

Dear Friends of EUROPEA,
We are inviting you to read this introduction of our colleague, Malcolm Borg. Let us change the world!
Thank you and thank you, Malta!
“Vocational Education and Exchange: Keys for Enhancing Value-Added & Small-Scale Food Production”
It is a great pleasure, honour and privilege to welcome you all to this General Assembly. Let me start off by saying that there is no hidden message in hosting this Assembly in a retirement village- I can see that you are all perfectly young to travel and get involved in a special network such as this.
Notwithstanding I would like us to take a minute to withdraw from the hustle and bustle of our minds and retire to a place of reflection to understand why we’re here and what we would like to achieve in these next two days.
We live in turbulent times and the political and social realities around us are far from calm and tranquil. We are lucky to live in a relatively serene area of the world and we have been blessed in our efforts to succeed and excel in our careers. Our job-related struggles, professional debates and the striving towards our organizations’ objectives are hallmarks of a society that nurtures self-development and capacity building and are building blocks towards making our countries more prosperous and fair.
And it is with this spirit of persistence and fiery resolve that I invite you to contribute to the theme set before you today: the role of vocational education and exchange in value-added and small-scale food production. Never has there been a time when food production has been so persistently in the public eye, so constant in the agenda of policy-makers, so crucial for the sustainability of our planet’s resources and so essential for the future of humankind as today. To this end, researchers are studying anything that has to do with food in great detail and the food supply chain is being evaluated constantly by various stakeholders.
And I don’t need to tell you about the pressures facing the food production sector- we need to feed more people with less resources, make sure that the footprint of the sector is reduced whilst providing safe, diverse and quality food all year round. And anywhere you look, you’re bound to come across projects and ideas to solve these issues- from soilless agriculture to GMOs, from precision agriculture to the breeding of more resistant varieties, technology is playing a very important role.
One must also keep in mind the pressures from the consumers and the trends in recent years- increased spending in organic produce, the valorisation of the territory through DOP, IGT and similar schemes, pressures to produce less waste and the increased popularity of a multi-functional agriculture that sees the sector providing environmental and social benefits other than the crop itself. Add to all this the intrigues of the implications of the Common Agricultural Policy and you have a picture so complex and multi-layered that would be envied by some of the best artists in the world.
Whilst multinationals play a significant role in this sector and will continue striving to develop their capabilities to this effect, one must really shine the light on the central figure in all of this: the farmer. For the farmer is the engine that drives the sector forward- the fuel in the motor, the face behind the food. It is at our own peril to forget the social dimension of this sector to focus solely on the technicalities and the bigger picture of food production. For we must remember that a farmer’s skills and competences must necessarily be multi-disciplinary. The farms or fields he or she works are like blank canvases that must be painted using a sound agronomic understanding, sufficient accountancy and marketing intelligence, a very good base of entrepreneurship and a dap of creativity not to mention the need for a steely persistence and eclectic judgement.
It is in this context that we, as educators, have a very important role to play. And I would like to challenge you all with a quote by Albert Einstein who said ‘Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.’ How are we preparing our students for jobs in the green sector? Are the skills that we are passing on the students sufficient for them to be equipped in an adequate manner for the field and farm? Are our students keeping the essential competences to succeed on the work place once they have forgotten what they learned at school?
I think it is our duty and responsibility as educators to ponder on these themes carefully and to answer honestly in the best interest of our students, our educational system and the sector itself. For albeit we all come from different countries our objective is the same: to prepare the students in the best possible way for the complex sector of food production.
My dad is a farmer- he doesn’t know how to read or write but is very successful in what he does. I often find myself asking the question- what are the most essential agronomic competences that my dad possesses that are essential to distil and convey in agriculture courses? And once I put my finger on what these are, I follow up with another important question: how should students be trained to acquire these skills?
I am very sure that, like me, you receive plenty of feedback from the industry itself. They give us feedback on our graduates, students and training. We also try to somewhat anticipate the industry so that our courses are highly relevant to the industry whilst taking into consideration trends that will ask of current students the mastery of skills that are perhaps not requested by the industry in the present.
So we have two domains in front of us: the food production sector with its thousand and one challenges and the educational sector with its systems, frameworks and objectives. Where do these two domains meet? They meet in the educational process, in the immersion of the student in the industry-College continuum the boundaries of which we continue to try and remove. And let’s stop and ponder on this for a minute. What is the vocational education process like in our Colleges? Is it based on experiential learning? Is this point where the educational and food production domains meet given its due importance in the learning process of our students? Do we try and encapsulate the needs of the industry by making students solve problems being encountered by the industry itself?
It is my belief that this coming together of the two domains is where our student should be. It is my belief that sound green vocational education should make of the student a critical thinker in this complex sector much more than a recipient of information.
It is up to us to be creative in finding innovative strategies to make this happen. And this is exactly where the theme of this conference comes in. With all of us in this room coming from similar organizations and thus having similar objectives we can use the power of sharing to assist and get inspired on how best to put and keep the student in the point of merging of education and the industry as I discussed before. The program for these two days tries to give us all space and opportunities to reflect, share and get inspired to attain this goal. The themes of the workshops, the listening to experiences of past and present students, the talking to local small-scale food producers and the time we have to discuss and share were all planned with the overall objective of exploiting the power of experiences and networking to help us create processes that would benefit both the students and the sector.
I think that meetings like these are great opportunities to explore exchanges and the learning in different countries. It is one major advantage to be affiliated with a network such as this that makes such exchanges much easier and more focused. Each and every one of our countries has something we can learn from and it is up to us to exploit this possibility to the best of our abilities. It has always been a great learning experience for any student and educator to visit some other country to learn technical and non-technical attributes from some educational institution. Let’s try to maximize these experiences and turn them into change catalysts for the Colleges and the sectors in our respective countries. We are only bound by our creativity and imagination.
Margaret Mead, an American anthropologist, once said ‘Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.’ EUROPEA’s wide network made out of you, my colleagues and friends, who are all committed to improve the green vocational education in your countries is offering you this opportunity once again- the General Assembly in Malta. Let’s all share in this spirit of brotherhood. Let’s all rise to the occasion to feed into the European green sector skilled people, fresh ideas and innovative solutions.
Thank you!
Malcolm Borg, National Coordinator for EUROPEA-Malta
26 April 2017
Hilltop Gardens Retirement Village, Naxxar, Malta