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Organization of agricultural education in Belgium

April 12, 2019
By: Yves Capron | Katrin Uurman
From the old box: classroom agricultural education
From the old box: classroom agricultural education

The teaching of agronomic sectors is organized from the secondary level.


It includes 4 forms of teaching:
– General (G)
– Technical (TQ)
– Artistic (A)
– Professional (P)

Distributed in 4 degrees:
– 1st degree from  12-14 years
– 2nd degree from 14 to 16 years
– 3rd degree from 16 to 18 years
– 4th degree (Reserved for nursing care)

Secondary education in the agricultural sector is included in technical (TQ) and vocational (P) forms:

These forms are taught at the 2nd and 3rd degrees.
A complementary year can be organized at the end of the 3rd degree.
A certificate of qualification (CQ) is issued at the end of the 6th or 7th year and a certificate of higher secondary education (CESS) is issued at the end of the 6th technique and, for the vocational sector, at the end of the 7th qualifying professional .
These sections prepare for entry into the labor market while allowing the pursuit of studies up to the level of higher education.

The Center for Teaching and Training in Alternation:

This alternative course proposes to combine the general training and the professional practice (internships in companies).
It is a variant of full-time education (Article 49). Training is given on the basis of more specific profiles.

For the Walloon area: C.T.H. (Horticultural Technological Center)

Located in Gembloux, it is an interface with the world of horticultural training and the professional world.

– Reception of students in the framework of practical work, internships, professional integration activities
– Support for continuing education for teachers, professionals and community workers
– Participation and organization of an applied research or development program
– Development and strengthening of partnerships between the world of training and professional circles

Scheme of Higher Education

3rd cycle PhD
2nd cycle Master Master Master
1st cycle Bachelor Bachelor + specialization
Bachelor + specialization
University education Higher education
long type
Outside academic Higher education
short type
Outside academic social promotion

Higher education requires specific admission requirements: the requirement to be in possession of C.E.S.S. (Certificate of Higher Secondary Education) or equivalent.
Access to certain studies is conditional upon successful completion of an entrance examination.

Higher education can deliver:
– A certificate: without awarding 1 academic degree, attests to the successful completion of a structured course of at least 10 credits
– A certificate: without granting an academic degree, certifies the participation in a training
– Diplomas and Diploma Supplements: Evidence of Academic Degrees

EUROPEA International Logo

EUROPEA – Europe de l’Enseignement Agronomique AISBL

Centre Technique Horticole

Chemin de Sibérie 4

B-5030 Gembloux

Official Registration Number: 450983484